SAP BLOG How to find the Table that stores multiple Field values? That’s what ABAPER and Functional does :) in WRICEFF development

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22 Ara 2017
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Introduction

After working with SAP for more than 15 years and travelling across the Globe for SAP Projects one issue I always use to have how can I keep track of all the SAP Tables associated with different Modules. If you are working as a SAP ABAP Consultant you need to keep the name of tables in your Fingertips. Sometimes this you know from other Experts and sometimes you have to dig it out.

After exploring I found a very easy way to know the Tables that contains all the four fields or Data Element in the same table and has data in it.

SAP is just like an ocean and every droplet is like one SAP Table. This is one of the first program I create in any Project.

I have one request the .1% time you saved while implementing this Blog, help someone in need by doing Service. It can be as simple as playing with a Kid also.



This solution only does Table. I will do another blog for Views also.

Solution

Go to SE38-> Create a Program and Paste this Code.

Here is the Execution. Just to let you know I have Excluded the Table Beginning with ‘/’. If you want to add it just tweak the code.

In the Below example I am looking for tables with these 2 fields/Data Element. EBELN and EBELP

Capture11-6.png


Wala here is the Result

Capture12-5.png




Lets be adventurous and try with 4 fields

Capture11-5.png




Before this I never knew knew EKPO has all the above 4 Fields/Data Element. Wala we got the result.

Capture12-4.png


Below is the Code that probably can fetch some serious Fun Time to learn something more.

Kod:
TABLES: DD03L,
        BOOLE.

DATA:DREF TYPE REF TO DATA.
FIELD-SYMBOLS:<TABLE> TYPE STANDARD TABLE.
TYPE-POOLS: SLIS, ICON.

* Internal Tables
TYPES: BEGIN OF T_IALV,
         TABNAME TYPE DD03L-TABNAME,
         FIELD1  TYPE DD03L-FIELDNAME,
         FIELD2  TYPE DD03L-FIELDNAME,
         FIELD3  TYPE DD03L-FIELDNAME,
         FIELD4  TYPE DD03L-FIELDNAME,
       END OF T_IALV .

DATA: IALV   TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF T_IALV,
      WA_ALV TYPE T_IALV.

DATA: ALV_CONTAINER TYPE REF TO CL_GUI_CUSTOM_CONTAINER,
      ALV_GRID      TYPE REF TO CL_GUI_ALV_GRID,
      OK_CODE       LIKE SY-UCOMM,
      FIELDCAT      TYPE SLIS_T_FIELDCAT_ALV WITH HEADER LINE.
SELECT-OPTIONS:S_FIELD1 FOR DD03L-FIELDNAME NO-EXTENSION,
S_FIELD2 FOR DD03L-FIELDNAME NO-EXTENSION,
S_FIELD3 FOR DD03L-FIELDNAME NO-EXTENSION,
S_FIELD4 FOR DD03L-FIELDNAME NO-EXTENSION,
S_EXC FOR BOOLE-BOOLE.

FIELD-SYMBOLS:<FS-TAB13> TYPE MANDT.
DATA:WA_DD1      TYPE DD03L,
     WA_DD2      TYPE DD03L,
     WA_DD3      TYPE DD03L,
     WA_DD4      TYPE DD03L,
     LV_TAB      TYPE DD03L-TABNAME,
     WA_DD_FINAL TYPE DD03L.
IF S_EXC-LOW IS NOT INITIAL.
  LV_TAB = '/%'.
ENDIF.
IF S_FIELD1-LOW IS NOT INITIAL.
  SELECT C~TABNAME
    FROM ( ( DD03L AS C
         INNER JOIN DD02V AS P ON P~TABNAME  = C~TABNAME
                              AND P~TABCLASS = 'TRANSP')
*                              AND p~cityto   = @cityto )
         INNER JOIN DD09L AS F ON F~TABNAME = P~TABNAME )
    WHERE ( ( C~ROLLNAME EQ @S_FIELD1-LOW )
    OR ( C~FIELDNAME EQ @S_FIELD1-LOW  ) )
    AND P~TABNAME NOT LIKE @LV_TAB
       INTO TABLE @DATA(ITAB13).
ENDIF.
IF S_FIELD2-LOW IS NOT INITIAL.
  SELECT C~TABNAME
  FROM ( ( DD03L AS C
       INNER JOIN DD02V AS P ON P~TABNAME  = C~TABNAME
                            AND P~TABCLASS = 'TRANSP')
*                              AND p~cityto   = @cityto )
       INNER JOIN DD09L AS F ON F~TABNAME = P~TABNAME )
  WHERE ( ( C~ROLLNAME EQ @S_FIELD2-LOW )
  OR ( C~FIELDNAME EQ @S_FIELD2-LOW  )    )
  AND P~TABNAME NOT LIKE @LV_TAB
     INTO TABLE @DATA(ITAB14).
ENDIF.
IF S_FIELD3-LOW IS NOT INITIAL.
  SELECT C~TABNAME
  FROM ( ( DD03L AS C
       INNER JOIN DD02V AS P ON P~TABNAME  = C~TABNAME
                            AND P~TABCLASS = 'TRANSP')
       INNER JOIN DD09L AS F ON F~TABNAME = P~TABNAME )
  WHERE ( ( C~ROLLNAME EQ @S_FIELD3-LOW )

  OR ( C~FIELDNAME EQ @S_FIELD3-LOW  )    )
  AND P~TABNAME NOT LIKE @LV_TAB
     INTO TABLE @DATA(ITAB15).
ENDIF.
IF S_FIELD4-LOW IS NOT INITIAL.
  SELECT C~TABNAME
FROM ( ( DD03L AS C
     INNER JOIN DD02V AS P ON P~TABNAME  = C~TABNAME
                          AND P~TABCLASS = 'TRANSP')
*                              AND p~cityto   = @cityto )
     INNER JOIN DD09L AS F ON F~TABNAME = P~TABNAME )
WHERE ( ( C~ROLLNAME EQ @S_FIELD4-LOW )
OR ( C~FIELDNAME EQ @S_FIELD4-LOW  )
)
AND P~TABNAME NOT LIKE @LV_TAB
*                                AND f~connid = p~connid )
*       ORDER BY c~carrname, p~connid, f~fldate
   INTO TABLE @DATA(ITAB16).
ENDIF.
SORT ITAB13 BY TABNAME.
DELETE ADJACENT DUPLICATES FROM ITAB13 COMPARING TABNAME..
SORT ITAB14 BY TABNAME.
DELETE ADJACENT DUPLICATES FROM ITAB14 COMPARING TABNAME..
SORT ITAB15 BY TABNAME.
DELETE ADJACENT DUPLICATES FROM ITAB15 COMPARING TABNAME..
SORT ITAB16 BY TABNAME.
DELETE ADJACENT DUPLICATES FROM ITAB16 COMPARING TABNAME.
IF S_FIELD1-LOW IS NOT INITIAL.

  LOOP AT ITAB13 INTO DATA(WA_TAB133).
    IF ITAB14[] IS NOT INITIAL.
      READ TABLE ITAB14  INTO DATA(WA_TAB134) WITH KEY TABNAME = WA_TAB133-TABNAME.
      IF SY-SUBRC = 0.
        CREATE DATA DREF TYPE TABLE OF (WA_TAB134-TABNAME).
        IF ITAB15[] IS NOT INITIAL.
          READ TABLE ITAB15  INTO DATA(WA_TAB135) WITH KEY TABNAME = WA_TAB133-TABNAME.
          IF SY-SUBRC = 0.
            IF ITAB16[] IS NOT INITIAL.
              READ TABLE ITAB16  INTO DATA(WA_TAB136) WITH KEY TABNAME = WA_TAB133-TABNAME.
              IF SY-SUBRC = 0.
                ASSIGN DREF->* TO <TABLE>.
                SELECT  *
              FROM (WA_TAB134-TABNAME)
                  INTO TABLE @<TABLE>.
                IF <TABLE> IS NOT INITIAL.

                  WA_ALV-TABNAME =  WA_TAB134-TABNAME.
                  WA_ALV-FIELD1 =  S_FIELD1-LOW.
                  WA_ALV-FIELD2 =  S_FIELD2-LOW.
                  WA_ALV-FIELD3 =  S_FIELD3-LOW.
                  WA_ALV-FIELD4 =  S_FIELD4-LOW.
                  APPEND WA_ALV TO IALV.
                  CLEAR WA_ALV.
*      exit.
                ENDIF.
              ELSE.

                ASSIGN DREF->* TO <TABLE>.
                SELECT  *
              FROM (WA_TAB134-TABNAME)
                  INTO TABLE @<TABLE>.
                IF <TABLE> IS NOT INITIAL.

                  WA_ALV-TABNAME =  WA_TAB134-TABNAME.
                  WA_ALV-FIELD1 =  S_FIELD1-LOW.
                  WA_ALV-FIELD2 =  S_FIELD2-LOW.
                  WA_ALV-FIELD3 =  S_FIELD3-LOW.
*                  WA_ALV-FIELD4 =  S_FIELD4-LOW.
                  APPEND WA_ALV TO IALV.
                  CLEAR WA_ALV.
*      exit.
                ENDIF.
              ENDIF.
            ELSE.

              ASSIGN DREF->* TO <TABLE>.
              SELECT  *
            FROM (WA_TAB134-TABNAME)
                INTO TABLE @<TABLE>.
              IF <TABLE> IS NOT INITIAL.

                WA_ALV-TABNAME =  WA_TAB134-TABNAME.
                WA_ALV-FIELD1 =  S_FIELD1-LOW.
                WA_ALV-FIELD2 =  S_FIELD2-LOW.
                WA_ALV-FIELD3 =  S_FIELD3-LOW.

                APPEND WA_ALV TO IALV.
                CLEAR WA_ALV.

              ENDIF.
            ENDIF.
          ELSE.
            ASSIGN DREF->* TO <TABLE>.
            SELECT  *
          FROM (WA_TAB134-TABNAME)
              INTO TABLE @<TABLE>.
            IF <TABLE> IS NOT INITIAL.

              WA_ALV-TABNAME =  WA_TAB134-TABNAME.
              WA_ALV-FIELD1 =  S_FIELD1-LOW.
              WA_ALV-FIELD2 =  S_FIELD2-LOW.

              APPEND WA_ALV TO IALV.
              CLEAR WA_ALV.

            ENDIF.
          ENDIF.


        ELSE.
          ASSIGN DREF->* TO <TABLE>.
          SELECT  *
        FROM (WA_TAB134-TABNAME)
            INTO TABLE @<TABLE>.
          IF <TABLE> IS NOT INITIAL.
            WA_ALV-TABNAME =  WA_TAB134-TABNAME.
            WA_ALV-FIELD1 =  S_FIELD1-LOW.
            WA_ALV-FIELD2 =  S_FIELD2-LOW.

            APPEND WA_ALV TO IALV.
            CLEAR WA_TAB134.

          ENDIF.
        ENDIF.

      ENDIF.
    ENDIF.
*  endif.
  ENDLOOP.


ENDIF.


*  Populate Field Catalog
PERFORM GET_FIELDCATALOG.

CALL FUNCTION 'REUSE_ALV_GRID_DISPLAY'
  EXPORTING
    I_CALLBACK_PROGRAM = SY-REPID
*   is_layout          = w_layout
    IT_FIELDCAT        = FIELDCAT[]
*   it_events          = i_events
  TABLES
    T_OUTTAB           = IALV
  EXCEPTIONS
    PROGRAM_ERROR      = 1
    OTHERS             = 2.
IF SY-SUBRC <> 0.
* Implement suitable error handling here
ENDIF.


************************************************************************
*      Form  Get_Fieldcatalog - Set Up Columns/Headers
************************************************************************
FORM GET_FIELDCATALOG.

  CLEAR: FIELDCAT.
  FIELDCAT-SELTEXT_M    = 'Tablename'.
  FIELDCAT-FIELDNAME  = 'TABNAME'.
  FIELDCAT-OUTPUTLEN  = '36'.
  APPEND FIELDCAT TO FIELDCAT.

  CLEAR: FIELDCAT.
  FIELDCAT-SELTEXT_M   = 'Field1'.
  FIELDCAT-FIELDNAME  = 'FIELD1'.
  FIELDCAT-OUTPUTLEN  = '12'.
  APPEND FIELDCAT TO FIELDCAT.

  CLEAR: FIELDCAT.
  FIELDCAT-SELTEXT_M   = 'Field2'.
  FIELDCAT-FIELDNAME  = 'FIELD2'.
  FIELDCAT-OUTPUTLEN  = '12'.
  APPEND FIELDCAT TO FIELDCAT.

  CLEAR: FIELDCAT.
  FIELDCAT-SELTEXT_M   = 'Field3'.
  FIELDCAT-FIELDNAME  = 'FIELD3'.
  FIELDCAT-OUTPUTLEN  = '12'.
  APPEND FIELDCAT TO FIELDCAT.

  CLEAR: FIELDCAT.
  FIELDCAT-SELTEXT_M    = 'Field4'.
  FIELDCAT-FIELDNAME  = 'FIELD4'.
  FIELDCAT-OUTPUTLEN  = '12'.
  APPEND FIELDCAT TO FIELDCAT.

ENDFORM.

Here is the Selection Screen Parameter label



Capture15-3.png


Conclusion

This will work for both SAP ECC and SAP S/4 HANA



Below is the video version

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