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SAP BLOG Material Master Views in SAP S/4 HANA

SAP Blog

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22 Ara 2017
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SAP S/4HANA Article Master Views
Hi


Welcome back to the S/4 HANA blog post series.

I started this blog post as my friend asked me to explain the views over the material creation in S4 Hana.

Here we go with article creation along with mandatory information for the article creation and its hierarchy.

In the following blog post, I have already explained

  1. What is material
  2. How to create – Overview
  3. How many types of Materials
  4. What is the structure in SAP S/4HANA
  5. Article Category

SAP S/4HANA Article Master | SAP Blogs



In the current SAP blog post, we will cover all the MM views with the implication of vital processes in the standard SAP system. You will see how each of the views is created, its obligatory data, optional fields, and how its creation reflects the system

S/4 HANA Material Master – Views:

As I have shown in below screenshot, we have mainly 7 following views

  1. Basic Views(Basic data, Basic Data2)
  2. Listing
  3. Purchasing
  4. Sales
  5. Logistics: DC
  6. Logistics: Store
  7. POS



Material Master Views​



1. Basic Views:


Basic views are views with general information about our material

Here are few fields are mandatory for the basic view creation

  1. Material description: Red Grapes 250Gms – this can be maintained in various languages.
  2. The base unit of measure(often referred to as Base UOM): G(Gram) – this is the unit of measure in which material stock is managed… You can also use the kilogram, or any other unit you have defined and is suitable for the material.
  3. Division: 10 – Division for the material, you could create divisions 10, 20, 30, 40 for the materials, so you can categorize them in this way.
  4. General Item category group: NORM – Standard item. Used throughout the system, this indicator has an effect on sales and stock transfer processing as it is used in item category determination.
  5. Weight unit: Kg, G – unit in which product weight is entered.
  6. Gross weight: 1234 – the gross weight of 1 unit of product in the weight unit.
  7. Net weight: 12345 – net weight of 1 unit of product in weight unit
  8. Material group– you can enter material group here
  9. Product hierarchy– this field is used in sales and distribution and is maintained in the Sales organization 1 view.
  10. EAN/UPC– Material EAN code, besides usage in barcoding, it is particularly utilized in Warehouse management as a unique identifier for material and package combination. One material can have several bar codes. One for the base unit of measure. Every alternative unit of measure can also have it’s EAN, but it’s not a requirement, it’s an option.

Other fields are optional.



Basic View​

NOTE: In the upper part(1st screenshot), you can see views that are possible to maintain for current material. You can navigate by clicking on the appropriate view name.

2. Listing View


Listing is nothing but allowing the article to purchase or sell for DC or store

How to Listing?

Either you assign listing in Listing view of Article Master or By Individual Listing WSP4.

The listing operation is the creation of a link between an article and an assortment (creation of WLK1 line).



Listing View​

  1. Material – nothing but the same article which was used in basic views- however automatically picked up from basic view
  2. Material description – nothing but the same article description which was used in basic views- however automatically picked up from basic view
  3. Sales org – A sales organization is responsible for the sale and distribution of goods and services. It represents the selling unit as a legal entity. It is responsible for product guarantees and other rights to recourse, for example. Regional subdividing of the market can also be carried out with the help of sales organizations.

Each sales organization is assigned exactly one company code for which you enter all accounting details of the sales organization.

A distribution chain can be active for several plants and the plants can be assigned to different company codes. If the sales organization and plant are assigned to different company codes, an internal billing document is sent between the company codes before the sales transactions are entered for accounting purposes.

  1. Distribution channel -The distribution channel represents the channel through which salable materials or services reach customers. Typical distribution channels include wholesale, retail, and direct sales.
  2. Listing procedures -Listing procedures determine how the system checks the assignment of articles to assortments (and thereby to the stores, customers, or distribution centers using those assortments).
  3. Listing From and To dates – these are the active Listing dates
  4. For sale from and TO dates – These are sales validity dates



The listing will be a special topic to discuss as it involves

  1. Creation of Assortments/Assortment users
  2. Creation of material Groups
  3. Creation of Layout modules
  4. Creation of Layout module versions
  5. Assignment of the created assortment to the articles

The listing operation is the creation of a link between an article and an assortment (creation of WLK1 line).

To create an assortment, use the transaction WSOA1. Trough the transaction you can assign a site to the assortment. WSOA2 – to add a site to the assortment.

To list an article, use the transaction MM42 / Listing view. For mass listing use WSM3.

WSLA / WSOA3 – Sites in the assortment

WSL10 – Listing by material group selection

WSL11 – Listing by article selection

We will discuss in detail in the next blog on the Listing topic.

3. Purchasing View / PIR


purchasing, display the related basic information from MARA table on top, and below the view or organization-specific information, stored in other tables.

the system will ask for purchasing org and vendor information, enter plant and details as per your requirement in view then save



Purchasing View​

Once the basic fields were given at the time of creation. The view will be created along with the Basic views as below:


Purchasing View – Created​

Order Unit – It is the measurement and dimension unit defines.

Planned Delivery Time in Days- Number of calendar days needed to obtain the material or service if it is procured externally.

Purchasing group
: Key for a buyer or a group of buyers, who is/are responsible for certain purchasing activities. And this field is used to indicate which purchasing group is the default for purchasing this material. We haven’t maintained it yet as this is a finished product of our company, we don’t need it to be purchased at any time. We will set up this field for another material that needs to be purchased.

Net Price in Purchasing Info Record -Price arrived at after taking all discounts and surcharges into account.

Effective Price in Purchasing Info Record – End price after taking all conditions (for example, cash (prompt-payment) discounts, delivery costs etc.) into account.

once values were given and want to see Purchase Info Record information – you must click on ‘InfoRec.’ as below:



Purchase Info Record Information​



This option enables us to reach PIR information and other options.



Purchase Info Record​



4. Sales View


In the same passion, we will define the sales view with below information

  1. Sales organization – An organizational unit responsible for the sale of certain products or services. The responsibility of a sales organization may include legal liability for products and customer claims.
  2. Distribution channel – The way in which products or services reach the customer. Typical examples of distribution channels are wholesale, retail, or direct sales.

once values were given, the sales view will be entered, and few mandatory values must be given as follows:

  1. Sales unitUnit of measure in which the material is sold.
  2. Distribution-chain-specific material status-Indicates whether, for a specific distribution chain, the material may be used in individual functions in Sales and Distribution.
  3. Date from which sold in the store – Date from which the material is sold in the stores.
  4. Item category group from material master – A grouping of materials that the system uses to determine item categories during the processing of sales documents.

Other views creation will be part of the next blog post.

This is how we can achieve in creating Material Master – Views in S/4 Hana.

In my next blog for the continuation of this material blog, I will try to put up the remaining views with more examples.

In the next blog posts, we can discuss more on processing.

That’s all about this blog post.

Thanks for reading, please provide your feedback.


Happy Learning, see you in my next blog




Thanks,

Venkatesh Golla

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