Optional Parameters in CDS Views

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22 Ara 2017
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Hi All,

I am a newbie to SAP -HANA world and was recently exploring different types of CDS Views (particularly CDS Views with Input Parameters).

Though CDS Views with Input Parameters were introduced quite a long time back but I could not find a way to make some of the input parameters as Optional. So I played around with some annotations and found out a way to accomplish the same.

I did that with the help of annotation

@Environment.systemField: #USER

I used the above annotation in my CDS View along with parameters in the following way:

@AbapCatalog.sqlViewName: 'Z_CDS_OP'
@AbapCatalog.compiler.compareFilter: true
@AccessControl.authorizationCheck: #CHECK
@EndUserText.label: 'Material Query'
define view ZCDS_OP
with parameters
@Environment.systemField: #CLIENT
p1 : mandt,
@Environment.systemField: #USER
p2 : uname,
p3 : aenam
as select from mara as ar
:p1 as Client,
:p2 as Name,
aenam as Created_By,
matnr as Material
ar.mandt = :p1
and ar.aenam = :p3;

Here the parameter p2 is defined for the sy-uname value, but it functions as an optional parameter at run-time.

If no value is passed for p2 parameter, the system defaults it to the sy-uname value.


Note that there is no asterisk (*) over p2 field. Below is the output of this query:


In this case my username is ‘FUNCTIONAL’ and is displayed in column ‘Name’.

Now I pass the value to the optional parameter:


Now, the p2 parameter value gets used and I get the following result:


This CDS view can also be consumed in an ABAP Program like the following:

"Select Data from CDS view without optional parameter
SELECT Client, Name, Created_By, Material
FROM zcds_op( p3 = 'FUNCTIONAL' )
INTO TABLE @DATA(li_mara).


"Select Data from CDS view with optional parameter
SELECT Client, Name, Created_By, Material
FROM zcds_op( p2 = 'DEEPAK', p3 = 'FUNCTIONAL' )
INTO TABLE @DATA(li_mara).

Both the code snippets work perfectly fine and generate the desired results.

So in this way I made a parameter optional in a CDS View.

Okumaya devam et...